Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a novel (newly) discovered coronavirus.
Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
How COVID-19 Spreads
We are still learning about how the virus spreads and the severity of illness it causes, but here is what the CDC says:
- COVID-19 spreads easily between people and is thought to spread mainly through close person-to-person contact (within about 6 feet).
- The virus is spread through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks.
- These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs. They can linger for a short time before they eventually dissipate.
- Sneezes and coughs travel a greater distance than 6’ even when wearing a mask.
COVID-19 may be spread by people who are not showing symptoms.
- It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.
How to Avoid Contracting COVID-19
The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face, and taking the following precautions:
- Maintain good social distance (about 6 feet). This is very important in preventing the spread of COVID-19.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water. If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Routinely clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth face covering when around others.
- Practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).
- Protect yourself: advice for the public
- Questions and answers
- Situation reports
- All information on the COVID-19 outbreak
Information retrieved from World Health Organization website
More COVID-19 Resources
- For the latest information about keeping you and your family safe, go to cdc.gov/coronavirus
- For resources and information about Connecticut’s response, visit ct.gov/coronavirus.
- Governor Lamont is urging people to sign up for cellphone alerts through the state’s CTAlert system. If you’re not subscribed to the #CTAlert emergency messaging system, visit: https://ctalert.gov
- FREE COVID-19 testing is available in multiple locations. For more information, go to COVID-19 testing locator site and search by location.
- For general information about the available COVID-19 vaccines, go to the CDC website.